Mental Health

Reading Time: 2 minutes A recent study published in JAMA Oncology analyzed data generated from over 28,000 childhood cancer survivors and compared the lifetime cardiotoxicity risk in different chemotherapeutic drugs used for treatment.   One out of every five Canadian kids who are diagnosed with childhood cancer will not survive. Childhood or pediatric cancer can
0 Comments
Reading Time: 2 minutes Researchers investigated the effects of acupressure on chronic pain, anxiety, depression and poor sleep in breast cancer survivors. Long after finishing treatment, many breast cancer patients experience persistent symptoms of fatigue, chronic pain, anxiety, depression and poor sleep. These long-term symptoms have a great impact on patients’ quality of life and
0 Comments
An international research team evaluated a new blood test which could detect early brain damage in pre-symptomatic Alzheimer’s disease. In degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or multiple sclerosis, brain damage and structural changes occur long before symptoms appear in the patient. These changes can be detected by brain scans or in samples taken
0 Comments
A major reason for unplanned pregnancies is limited access to long-acting and cost-effective contraceptive methods. A microneedle patch for delivering hormones to prevent pregnancy is currently being developed. An astonishing 85 million pregnancies around the world were unintended in 2012. This has led to millions of abortions. Affected women and their families, as well as
0 Comments
In a recent study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers reviewed the effects of marijuana use in teens and their brain volume levels. With recreational marijuana being legalized in many states, the rates of its use amongst teens are increasing. It is reported that about 35% of American teens have reported having used marijuana.
0 Comments
A new study investigated the beneficial effects of choline, an important nutrient, in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease across two generations. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the least understood chronic neurodegenerative diseases affecting over 30 million people worldwide. It most commonly affects people over the age of 65 years. Usually, the disease starts
0 Comments
A recent study determined how emotion regulation may alter negative health effects due to family stress.   The human body responds to psychological stress through chronic and acute symptoms. Facing chronic stress at an early age has been identified to increase susceptibility to depression, cardiovascular disease, a weaker immune system, and overall poorer health. An
0 Comments
A recent study attempted to classify patients into five types of insomnia while evaluating differences in expression, treatment, and biology.   Humans have a complicated relationship with sleep, often involving mixed feelings. We might yearn to have more time to dedicate for sleep or search for ways to improve its quality. Yet, often simultaneously, we
0 Comments
New research investigates the potential long-term effects of marijuana use in teenagers and the risk of developing an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are the most common classification of mental disorders in the United States, with 31.1% of the overall population experiencing an anxiety disorder at some point in their lifetime.  There are many types of
0 Comments
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a treatment used in at least 14 different disorders. A significant risk of this treatment is oxygen toxicity which can lead to seizures. A recent clinical study explored the effects of ketogenic supplements on delaying oxygen-induced seizures in a preclinical study. The major applications of hyperbaric oxygen treatment are in the
0 Comments
Researchers at the University of Alberta have identified a drug that could target one of the major proteins responsible for ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating disease marked by gradual neuromuscular degeneration. Previous studies have implicated several genes in the onset of the disease. One protein, called SOD1, has a propensity to misfold
0 Comments
Scientists made a research breakthrough in understanding the responsible mechanisms of restless leg syndrome.   Restless legs syndrome is a disorder related to sensation and movement. It is a common nervous system condition that causes an overwhelming irresistible urge to move the legs. The uncomfortable sensation usually happens in the evening or nighttime hours when
0 Comments
A recent study assessed the impact of singing on the motor function and stress levels of patients with Parkinson’s disease. This past November 2018, researchers attending the Society for Neuroscience revealed their results on a study that determined the benefits of singing for people with Parkinson’s. The study, conducted at Iowa StateUniversity in the United
0 Comments
Using an animal model, researchers from Oregon investigated how, even after one dose, the hyperactivity associated with cocaine use can alter the brain. Using cocaine creates both physiological and psychological changes. Some of these changes are caused by changes in the nervous system, while others are due to the size, weight, health, and personality of
0 Comments
PET scanning revealed elevated translocator protein in several regions comprising the neurocircuitry of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), indicating a pathogenic role for microglia in the neuropathogenesis of OCD. Though several Hollywood stars have been diagnosed with OCD, no one is better remembered for suffering from this debilitating condition than Howard Hughes of ‘The Aviator’. Characterized
0 Comments
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus is a well-known treatment for tremor related to Parkinson’s disease, but the research surrounding its efficacy with multiple sclerosis tremors remains inconclusive. DBS of two thalamic nuclei was found to significantly decrease tremor severity over the course of 6 months in individuals with multiple sclerosis tremors.   Multiple
0 Comments
Maternal depression leads to poor quality of life for the entire family, especially in low-income households where effective treatment is a challenge. Problem-solving education was found to be an effective depression prevention method in mothers of the Head Start community, a federally funded early-childhood education program for children and their families.   Head Start is
0 Comments
Therapeutic agents with an especially promising therapeutic profile for life-threatening diseases with limited therapeutic options, can access the market faster through the accelerated approval route. This route allows faster market access for some life-saving medicines, however systematic evaluation of the clinical evidences on agents received accelerated approval is raising a concern and addressed in recent issue of
0 Comments
  The understanding and proper management of mental health in the US is far from perfect and in recent years deficiencies have become increasingly apparent. An article in JAMA Psychiatry explored the association between suicide rates and the number of psychiatric hospital beds in mental care facilities.   A Center for Disease Control (CDC) communication
0 Comments
Mass drug administration (MDA) refers to the administration of drugs to whole populations irrespective of disease status and is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a strategy for malaria prevention. A recent study from the Centre for the Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases, and the MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling in
0 Comments
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is indicated for the treatment of many intractable neurological illnesses such as Parkinson’s diseases, Tourette’s syndrome, and obsessive compulsive disorder. It has also been used in experimental trials for treatment of major depression, stroke recovery, and several other conditions. DBS represents a widely applicable treatment for many neurological diseases but it
0 Comments
Researchers conducted an observational study to determine the effectiveness of various antipsychotic treatment strategies for schizophrenia. They found that injectable antipsychotics and clozapine were the most effective treatments. Large scale randomized clinical trials are considered the gold standard in clinical research because they ensure that all variables are accounted for and there are no biases
0 Comments
Researchers recently discovered that alcohol consumption, even in moderate amounts, causes a decline in brain volume and cognitive ability. This disproves the myth that alcohol can actually have a protective effect if consumed in moderation. The implications of this research are immense considering alcohol’s global ubiquity. Alcohol is the only societally-condoned drug that dangerously impairs
0 Comments