Health, Fitness & Food

Researchers analyzed evidence from previous studies to determine the most effective approaches for treating urinary incontinence in women.   Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of bladder control causing urine leakage. There are two main types: stress incontinence and urgency incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs after coughing, sneezing or physical exertion, and urgency incontinence occurs when
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Researchers recently analyzed the effects of an unhealthy diet on persistent health problems, such as high blood pressure.   In 2017, 11 million deaths were caused by factors related to eating an unhealthy diet. Unhealthy diets are a gateway to many common diseases such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. Researchers
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An exciting new study published in Nature Communications has revealed how the gut microbiome influences the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy.   There are approximately 30 trillion bacteria thriving within our gut. This bacterial community residing in our guts is called the microbiome. Until now, the function of this microbiome was appreciated only in the context of aiding
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Researchers examined the potential risk between non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and kidney transplant failure. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a type of cancer that is classified as anything that excludes the well-known skin cancer, melanoma. In events like a kidney-related failure, NMSC is said to commonly occur in those who have received a kidney transplant.
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Physicians from McMaster University in Canada recently published a list of facts about penicillin allergy the public may not know. The document is published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ). Almost a century has passed since the discovery of the first antibiotic. Nowadays, antibiotics are among the most prescribed drugs. Among them, penicillins are
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Reading Time: 2 minutes A study from the USA compared using different types of electrodes in the brain for the selection of patients undergoing epilepsy surgery. Medications do not work in one-third of all individuals with epilepsy. These patients continue to be at risk from epileptic episodes, accidental injuries, and sudden death. Epilepsy surgery has
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Researchers examined the blood flow of individuals with mild cognitive impairment in order to understand the effects of exercise on the brain. It is believed that changes in blood flow in the brain result in the impairments experienced by those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). There is currently no cure for
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In a recent study published in Nutrients, researchers found that eating a vegan diet regulates blood sugar, satiety, weight, and promotes beneficial gut hormones.   Obesity increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. A change in dietary intake can decrease those chances. Research shows that consuming red meat and processed
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A new screening method that uses a sponge-on-a-string device could help save lives by detecting Barrett’s esophagus, a precursor to esophageal cancer. Esophageal cancer has a poor survival rate. It is the eighth most common cancer and sixth most common cancer-related cause of death. The only known precursor to esophageal cancer is Barrett’s esophagus (BE),
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Researchers in the United States investigated the effects of environmental pollution at gas stations by examining the emissions of cancerous substances such as benzene from station vent pipes. Many people are aware that gasoline vapours are emitted from gas stations.  But while they may be aware of common modes such as leaks and spills, they
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In a study published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, researchers discovered that Tetris can help relieve PTSD flashbacks. People who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often undergo flashbacks,  which are involuntary recurring visual memories of the frightful and upsetting experience. Researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden uncovered that Tetris, a
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In a recent study, researchers examined whether vitamin D supplementation may be the key to reducing COPD exacerbations or attacks.   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects as many as 170 million people worldwide. A COPD attack may occur from a viral infection, which exacerbates lung function. Vitamin D is believed to be beneficial to
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The prevalence of food allergies has thoroughly been researched in children. A recent survey investigated the commonness and severity of food allergies in American adults.   Food allergies are a potentially fatal condition that can affect the quality of life many patients. Many studies have previously investigated the prevalence of food allergies amongst children, but
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A recent study investigated whether one of the benefits of lifting weights is reducing the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Resistance exercise has been shown to improve many cardiovascular disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes. However, there is limited information on the benefits of lifting weights
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In a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, researchers tested whether body mass index is still an effective calculation for projecting cardiovascular health.   Body mass index (BMI) is a simple calculation of an individual’s weight (in kilograms), divided by their height (in meters squared). Obesity is known to be a
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Researchers at the Mayo Clinic set out to teach a computer how to identify heart disease using an EKG test in patients who do not yet have symptoms. A type of heart disease, called asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction, causes the heart to pump improperly without any obvious symptoms. It occurs in 3-6% of the population.
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In a recent study published in Scientific Reports, researchers examined blood results to determine the effects of smoking on aging. As a society, we are widely aware of the risks of smoking – cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and more. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirms that smoking tobacco results in 480,000 deaths
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The Journal of the American College of Cardiology published results on the importance of sleep on cardiovascular health. The discussion on the importance of sleep for one’s health and body has been widely discussed and researched. Whether through experience or scientific evidence, there is a global standpoint that sleep is a vital process for both
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The controversy surrounding the use of aspirin for preventing cardiovascular disease in healthy patients is ongoing. A recent analysis of healthy patients without cardiovascular disease assessed the efficacy and safety of taking aspirin. It is well-known that aspirin is beneficial in preventing strokes and heart attacks in patients with cardiovascular disease. About 80% of heart
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In a recent study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, researchers examined how obesity in early adulthood affects the risk of heart failure. Obesity, which affects a third of adults in the United States, is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which include heart disease and strokes. Specifically, obesity greatly increases the
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A study conducted by researchers in Italy explored the benefits of combining statin drugs with a Mediterranean diet. Statin drugs are a mainstay treatment for those with a history of cardiovascular-related diseases, such as a heart attack or stroke. Lifestyle modifications, such as a healthy diet, are also recommended in addition to drug therapy to
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A recent report determined the safety of parabens as preservatives in cosmetics, food, and pharmaceuticals, and evaluated if a paraben allergy is a problematic health concern. Looking for “paraben free” on labels of various products has become a new trend. The product reviewers, health enthusiasts, and some self-proclaimed experts have been advocating the use of
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Reading Time: 3 minutes Researchers at the Broad Institute in the USA searched for links between genetic variants and irregular heartbeat in young and middle-aged adults.   Atrial fibrillation is a type of irregular heartbeat. This irregular heartbeat is caused by electrical signals in the heart that are too fast, causing less efficient pumping of
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How does mindset affect weight loss? Researchers recently studied mindfulness for weight loss to determine its effects and published their results in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Obesity has become a global epidemic in the last 25 years. At least 2.8 million people every year die from obesity-related causes. However, there are few
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