Drugs

  According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 466 million people worldwide suffer from varying levels of hearing loss. Of these, nearly 34 million are children. Hearing loss can occur for a number of different reasons, some of which are entirely preventable. For example, long-term, regular exposure to loud noises and the use of
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A study has shown that hearing loss can have physical, mental, and social impairments in older adults. The gradual onset of hearing impairment, or presbycusis, occurs naturally with age. As humans, speaking and listening are one of our fundamental forms of communication and experiencing difficulty with hearing can lead older adults to feelings of depression,
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New research investigates the potential use of resveratrol for depression and anxiety. Resveratrol is a plant compound found in delicious foods like blueberries, cranberries, dark chocolate, and red wine.  This compound has been shown to have a variety of positive effects, and taking resveratrol supplements has been correlated with lower systolic blood pressure and improved
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A recent study has investigated whether there is a link between BPA substitutes and childhood and adolescent obesity. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a commonly used chemical in the production of plastic food containers, metal food can linings, bottle tops, and water supply pipes. Because of the widespread use of BPA, 93% of Americans in 2003-2004
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Keeping farm animals may promote early immune development via changes to the infant gut microbiome. The gut microbiome consists of trillions of bacteria that colonize the human gastrointestinal tract. This vast community of microbes is intimately involved in numerous aspects of host health and disease. Gut microbes and their fermentation products can influence the development
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A clinical trial is currently recruiting patients to assess the effectiveness of Olorinab to treat abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), is a gastrointestinal disorder that is frequently associated with cramping, bloating, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and gas. There is no cure for IBS and patients manage symptoms typically with
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The therapeutic activity of Prozac (Fluoxetine), a widely used anti-depressant, includes more than changes in serotonin levels, study shows. Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a chemical produced in the brain and intestines. It is a neurotransmitter that transmits chemical messages between different parts of the brain. Serotonin is thought to regulate mood, appetite, and sleep,
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Light emitting diode (LED) therapy has been gaining popularity for use in treating multiple dermatological conditions. As such, the accompanying research has also been gaining traction, with many positive results being reported. LED light stimulation causes natural photobiochemical reactions to occur in the skin. The biochemical processes will have different effects on the skin depending
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Researchers examined participants over a two-year period to understand the health benefits of a nutrient-filled calorie-restricted diet. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death around the globe. Previous studies have shown that calorie restriction can reduce the risks of atherosclerosis. How does a two-year, nutrient-filled calorie restriction help reduce the risks of long-term cardiovascular
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Traditional blood glucose monitors versus continuous glucose monitors – ever wondered how blood glucose monitors work? Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is a major concern in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes. If left unmanaged, high blood sugar can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and induce significant nerve and kidney damage. Additionally, hyperglycemia
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The fourth annual review by the Cleveland Clinic on Alzheimer’s disease drug development pipeline highlighted several new advances in the field. Alzheimer’s disease drug development programs have a high failure rate and only a few treatments are currently available. Therefore, analysis of the Alzheimer’s drug development pipeline can provide some insight into the evolution of
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Understanding the mechanisms that cause multiple sclerosis may help guide the development of new treatment for progressive multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that involves inflammation-associated damage in the brain that leads to neurodegeneration. Patients with multiple sclerosis may have a relapsing-remitting form, where they cycle between periods
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Have you wondered how your home blood pressure monitor works? Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a long-term condition that can increase the risk of other complications, including heart attacks and strokes. Doctors recommend that hypertensive patients take the appropriate precautions necessary to ensure that they manage their blood pressure within the recommended
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Researchers study if children experience a change in neurocognitive function due to head impacts from playing tackle football. Contact sports being played by children are still a concern among medical professionals and parents. Experiencing head impacts can lead to short- and/or long-term neurocognitive effects. In a study published by the Journal of Neurotrauma, children who
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Researchers aim to develop a simple urine test for diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome, with potential use to monitor response to IBS treatment. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder of the digestive tract, characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea, and constipation. Diagnosis of this syndrome is complicated and requires invasive procedures like colonoscopy
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Researchers investigate whether migraines during pregnancy are associated with health concerns in mother and child. Migraines are more than a simple headache. Although migraines appear similar to headaches symptomatically with mild to serve head pain. They can last anywhere from 4 -72 hours and are actually classified as a neurological disorder that involves diverse parts
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New technologies have the potential to transform healthcare. From making it easier to monitor the heart to improving mental health, new advances may help us live longer, healthier lives. We often hear about new medicines, and how they could help treat various diseases. But there are many other technological advances that could help improve our
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Researchers recently identified a group of mood neurons in the brain that may play a key role in emotional development in adolescence. The amygdala is an almond-shaped brain structure that is made up of a set of nerve cells (neurons) responsible for emotional processing and emotional response learning. The amygdala is unique because it continues
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