Diabetes

A new study at the University of Oxford evaluated if omega-3 supplements help in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Unquestionably, diet has a substantial effect on the
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A new study published in Annals of Internal Medicine analyzed data from over 79000 patients and compared the risk of fractures in type 2 diabetes patients using canagliflozin or GLP-1 agonists.   Type 2 diabetes is a condition that hinders the ability of the individual to metabolize glucose, leading to an alarming rise in blood-glucose levels. The
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It has been known that diabetes raises the risk of heart failure. Researchers recently determined the cellular link contributing to the increased risk. Diabetic patients are at a significantly higher risk of developing heart failure. Studies have shown that men with diabetes are 2.4 times more likely and women five times more likely to suffer
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Researchers in Michigan have developed a novel nitric oxide sensing device, providing new insight into the causes of diabetic foot ulcers and possible avenues for treatment. Approximately 9 to 26 million diabetic patients around the world develop foot ulcers every year. These ulcers can double the risk of death for diabetic patients and may take up to 120
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Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen- German Research Center for Environmental Health have recently made an exciting discovery which could prove beneficial for type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease where the pancreas produces little or no insulin as a result of the immune system attacking the cells within the pancreas. The aim
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A meta-analysis combining results across studies assessed outcomes of tight versus standard glucose management on the prevention of onset and progression of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in diabetic patients. Study results suggest that diabetic patients who were under stringent glucose control have a comparable risk of kidney failure to those under standard glucose management.  
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Diabetic foot ulcers are one of the most common complications affecting diabetic patients. A recent review article outlines preventative measures that can decrease the odds of developing foot ulcers.   Diabetic foot ulcers, especially on the bottom of the foot, are a common problem in diabetics. Up to 26.1 million diabetic patients worldwide are estimated
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Researchers determine the effects of replacing glucose or sucrose with fructose on glucose, insulin, and triglyceride concentrations. When you think about eating healthier, what do you think about limiting in your diet? Sugar? Carbohydrates? Both?   Over the years, sugar has gained a bad reputation. The “bad” sugar that usually comes to mind is sucrose,
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Lifestyle interventions were effective in reducing the rate of diagnosis of diabetes in prediabetic adults when compared with standard treatment with medication. Researchers also noted improved control of blood sugar, improved exercise capacity, and increased weight loss with lifestyle adaptations. Nevertheless, issues with adherence to lifestyle changes caused deterioration in long-term health improvements.   George
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Punicic acid, found abundantly in pomegranate seed oil, has been found to be beneficial for inflammatory and metabolic conditions and may be of value for cancer and neurodegenerative disease as well. Pomegranate contains various bioactive compounds; pomegranate seed oil (PSO) is particularly beneficial to our health, as reported by several studies in human and animal
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A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed a lack of association between incretin based drugs and mortality in patients with type II diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by a lack of insulin sensitivity and elevated blood sugar. Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Current treatment
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Current research suggests that an increased diet of ω-3 fatty acids is the key to treatment of common neovascular diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy. Neovascular diseases comprise a broad spectrum of ocular disorders common in diabetes patients, premature infants, and elderly people. Neovascular diseases begin with neovascularization – the development of new blood vessels in
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A recently published study analyzes genetic influence on serum carotenoid concentration and its impact on obesity-related characteristics. The increasing global prevalence of obesity has driven extensive research on lifestyle and genetic methods to control excess weight gain. Dietary intervention is the primary environmental variable used to tackle excess weight. It has been suggested that increased
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A protein enriched diet is considered a beneficial strategy for weight management and weight loss. As obesity is a known risk factor for Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) development, balancing diet with increased protein intake might be beneficial for T2D prevention. Several short-term studies report a positive effect of a protein-enriched diet on weight loss and
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Sitagliptin, a drug that increased insulin secretion, seems to be safe for diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease. Glycemia has been commonly improved with the use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors in patients with chronic kidney disease, and their use is well tolerated. Sitagliptin is a drug pertaining to the class of DPP-4 inhibitors. Its
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A study published earlier this year sought to determine whether the timing of meal skipping significantly affects type 2 diabetes and obesity risk through factors such as glucose metabolism, immune system responses, and energy balance based on one’s biological clock. Skipping meals has become an increasingly documented trend. Previous research has proposed that eating during
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A prospective secondary analysis of randomized clinical trial with 650 participants who underwent intra-vitreous anti-vascular growth factor (VEGF) therapy showed that at the end of 1 and 2 years, there was an improvement in diabetic retinopathy severity with aflibercept and ranibizumab performing better than bevacizumab. Compared to laser treatment, treatment for diabetic macular edema with
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Fish oil supplements which contain omega-3 fatty acids are thought to be beneficial for people at risk of heart disease or diabetes (metabolic syndrome) by potentially improving adipose (fat) tissue function. However, after six months of a high dose of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in patients who were overweight, obese and insulin-resistant, no beneficial effects
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A research group from New Zealand found that supplementation with HN001 probiotics from 14-16 weeks of pregnancy reduces the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus when compared to placebo. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preeclampsia, miscarriage, preterm birth, macrosomia, induction of labour and caesarean section.
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In a large review of over 360,000 type 2 diabetes patients, researchers compared the incidence of hospitalization for heart failure in those taking sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors with those taking other glucose lowering drugs. The SGLT-2 inhibitors group had a 39% reduction in hospitalization for heart failure. Diabetes is an important and common medical condition
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