Children

Researchers discover a vital pathway that may serve as a potential treatment target for Crohn’s disease. Among the list of chronic diseases, Crohn’s disease is a debilitating illness that affects over 1.6 million people in North America alone. It’s characterized by chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract, with affected regions ranging from the mouth to
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Knee osteoarthritis affects more than 10% of people over age 60. Researchers recently identified those groups with higher risk factors for knee osteoarthritis. Musculoskeletal conditions, such as knee osteoarthritis (OA), affect people worldwide and are one of the leading causes of pain and disability. Knee osteoarthritis can affect any age group, but people over age
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Researchers discover a key player in tumor energy metabolism that holds promise for new cancer treatments with fewer side-effects. Tumours are characterized by uncontrolled cell growth, which is sustained by a series of cellular reactions to produce the energy and molecular building blocks for replication. This process, called cancer cell metabolism, relies on the activity
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A recent study carried out by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examined the outcomes of standard feeding guides for commencing solid food in infants. Current guides for starting infants on solid foods are produced by infant formula makers, children’s hospitals, and infant health experts. These guides have been produced with the
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Researchers in the USA recently conducted a series of investigations to find out more about the genes that are associated with endometrial cancer. Vast advances in gene technology have allowed different cancers to be put under the spotlight. The endometrial tissue lines the uterus and goes through the monthly shedding cycle that is menstruation. Mutations
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New method of bone tissue engineering may open doors for research and discovery in bone disease and medicine Bone tissue is a complex composition of metabolically active cells within a heavily calcified structure of minerals, collagen (a protein), non-collagenous proteins and crystallites. In the past, attempts at replicating human bone tissue have not been successful
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A new study has evaluated if yellow-lens glasses actually improve night time driving and aid in spotting pedestrians at night Many people suggest that yellow-lens glasses make nighttime driving easier by reducing the glare from oncoming vehicles. In fact, several marketing campaigns from eyeglass manufacturers highlight the many advantages of using yellow-lens glasses. Some of
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A new technique has recently been developed at The University of Waterloo, which will hopefully allow doctors to detect autism more effectively. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects approximately 2% of the population. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder involving limitations in social communications and repetitive behaviours. Those with ASD also display attention biases during social interactions,
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A recent study on fertility awareness method apps analyzes how accurate these apps are in assisting women with tracking menstrual cycles. A Stanford research group published a study on fertility awareness method apps in Nature to discuss how accurate using these apps are in evaluating menstrual health and fertility across various populations. The study included
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Researchers investigated the impact of posture on the perception of food taste. Outdoor meetings and picnics are a common occurrence in the summertime. More often than not, attendees eat and drink while standing, chatting or carrying an object. Physical motion as simple as carrying an object or mere standing, are forms of stress and can
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Researchers studied children with ASD across geographical locations, finding the greatest link to risk being genetic factors. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) also known as autism, is a brain development disorder that affects a child’s social skills. ASD is said to have both environmental and genetic origins. In a recent study published in JAMA Network, researchers
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Scientists have investigated the role of oxytocin and its receptors in regulating maternal instincts.   What is oxytocin? Oxytocin is a hormone or a signaling molecule. It is made and released from the brain in response to different social interactions. Oxytocin is most commonly known for its role in relationships and has been dubbed the
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A recent study found that routine blood tests can help predict the risk of diabetes. Diabetes is a global health concern. It can lead to various complications like stroke, heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, and neurological complications. Early diagnosis of diabetes ensures prompt care, thus minimizing the risk of developing these complications. However, many people
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A study evaluated how blood pressure self-monitoring helps encourage patients with hypertension to exercise compared to exercise without blood pressure self-monitoring. A study published in the Journal of Hypertension by UConn researchers collaborating with Hartford Hospital evaluated self-monitoring of blood pressure and exercise adherence in hypertensive patients. There were 11 men and 13 women with
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A recent report has summarized current knowledge regarding the early introduction of peanuts to infants to lower their risk of developing peanut allergies. Peanuts and peanut products are delicious and very nutritious.  Peanuts are actually a legume, and they contain lots of heart-healthy monounsaturated fats, protein, vitamin E, niacin, copper, folate, manganese, iron, and more. 
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Researchers in France looked at data from the NutriNet-Santé to investigate whether sugary drinks increase risk of cancer. The consumption of sugary drinks has increased by a staggering 40% in the past 25 years. Previous research has linked sugary drinks with a number of health issues including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.
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  A concussion is a form of head injury that can be detrimental for a child’s health. Children who suffer from a concussion may experience difficulties in brain development. Due to the sensitivity of the brain at such an age, concussions are a serious health concern among younger populations in particular.  It is essential to
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Can participating in a local food cooperative improve mental health? Researchers investigated the mental health benefits of local food projects. Worldwide, mental health disorders affect one in four people during their lifetime Due to the associated stigma, almost 66% of those who suffer from mental illness never seek treatment. Researchers have previously identified a link
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A recent report discusses the current understanding of the psychological effects of genetic screening. Since the inception of the Human Genome Project in 1990, there has been ceaseless controversy surrounding research into human genetics. Ethicists, psychologists, and doctors have been warning of the potential for negative consequences that may come with increased genetic knowledge. These
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Three prominent healthcare providers recently debated whether or not obesity should be given the label of a disease, in the BMJ Today. The prevalence of obesity is on the rise in most developed nations. Many health complications for obese individuals can occur including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and hormone-dependent cancers, to mention a
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We are all familiar with the term lifespan. However, someone with a long lifespan does not necessarily have a long healthy quality of life. A relatively new term gaining importance as we live longer is healthspan. Healthspan refers to the length of time a person is healthy, not just alive. As we age, some people
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