Aging

Reading Time: 2 minutes Intermittent fasting has become a popular approach to losing weight. A recent study by researchers in Japan uncovered some previously unknown effects of fasting. The basic idea of intermittent fasting is restricting daily food intake into a six-to-eight-hour window and then fasting for the remainder of the time. The effects of
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Reading Time: 3 minutes A new study by Australian researchers investigated why middle-aged women increasingly drink alcohol despite the well-known association between alcohol and breast cancer.   According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, alcohol consumption increases the risk of breast cancer. For every 10g (around one drink) of alcohol an adult woman
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Researchers from the University of Adelaide determined the effect of previous orthodontic treatments on long-term oral health and dental caries. Maintaining a daily oral health routine is a vital part of dental health. Aside from the basics of brushing and flossing at home, attending regular dentist appointments are also important for
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Recently, the American Heart Association released a scientific statement on hookah health risks and its prevalence. Water pipe smoking, also known as hookah, is an increasingly prevalent trend across the globe and is particularly common among youth and young adults. Hookah consists of several components including burning charcoals placed on a
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Researchers recommend different plans and programs to the level of exercise for those with diabetes and cardiovascular risk. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are associated with an increased risk of mortality. Exercise and diabetes are linked; previous studies have shown that there are added benefits to exercising for those diagnosed with diabetes. If there are no
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A recent study investigated the relationship between exercise and dietary preferences for healthy foods. It can be difficult to eat healthily when calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods are heavily marketed and easily accessible. Many young adults experience this difficulty when they first start living alone and have limited time and money to buy and cook healthy meals.
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A recent study examined the effects of self-administered happiness exercises in individuals recovering from a substance use disorder. In individuals who struggle with addictions, it seems that simply working on not using the substance may not be so effective. Recent studies have been focusing on increasing the overall well-being and happiness experienced by those with
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Diabetic eye disease can cause blindness, especially if the diagnosis is delayed. Artificial intelligence may play a role in early detection. Millions of people lose their eyesight to diabetic eye disease, out of the roughly 285 million people with diabetes mellitus worldwide. In many cases, delayed diagnosis is a contributing factor to vision loss. This
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A recent study discovered how dietary fiber helps against the risks associated with high blood pressure. Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. High blood pressure is the main risk factor associated with heart disease and because it often does not cause obvious symptoms, it gained the nickname of “silent killer”. The causes
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New research in the Journal of Luminescence by Polish researchers Hanczyc and colleagues could make finding a cure for neurodegenerative disease faster and easier.   Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to the progressive degeneration of nerve cells within the brain. Although the causes of Alzheimer’s are not well understood, the brains of
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Results from a large international study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology reports new prediction criteria for evaluating fracture risk in older individuals. Many older individuals are at an increased risk of increase of sustaining a fracture due to a progressive worsening of bone strength with age (fragility fractures). A clinical way of determining bone
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Researchers from the University of Alberta in Canada are developing a saliva test to detect the trajectory of Alzheimer’s disease before the onset of symptoms. Sporadic Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease of aging. In early stages, people with Alzheimer’s disease show signs of memory loss and impaired cognitive functioning. There is no
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In a recent study published by Nature Medicine, researchers investigated the genetic predispositions to developing dementia. A common form of inherited early-onset dementia that occurs within the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain is often caused by tau, granulin precursor (GRN), and chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) gene mutations. However, it has
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Researchers compared the fracture and fall risk in elderly dementia patients taking the antidepressant trazadone or antipsychotic drugs. In Canada, the prevalence of dementia is 25% in individuals over 85 and around 62% amongst residents in continuing-care facilities. The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are very distressing for patients and their caregivers, with almost
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There is a desperate need for a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease. A recent study tested an anti-Alzheimer’s DNA vaccine in mice. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible condition that slowly degrades thinking and memory. It currently affects six million Americans, and that number will increase as the population ages. Many scientists think that it is caused
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Published in Nature Genetics, Raj and colleagues investigated the alternate splicing of genes as a potential cause of Alzheimer’s progression. The expression of genes encoded in DNA is responsible for almost the entirety of our body’s functioning. However, the things we need to do—the proteins we need to make and the timing we need to
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A study in healthy adults investigated whether day-to-day variation in sleep quality affects standing balance and increases fall risk. The ability to balance is essential for normal daily activities. Disturbed balance can lead to problems such as feeling dizzy or nauseous and having difficulty walking. It also increases the chances of falling. Maintaining balance involves
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Researchers studied 1.5 million people to investigate the relationship between Alzheimer’s and heart disease. Increasing evidence from clinical trials and epidemiological studies suggests there is a link between Alzheimer’s and heart disease. The occurrence of the two diseases together is the most common cause of dementia in elderly patients. Some people may be predisposed to
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Researchers in Spain investigated the relationship between frailty, exercise and heart disease-related and all-cause deaths in older adults. As people age, they become more frail, with many of the body’s systems having lower reserves. This means that elderly people are more susceptible to chronic illness or infection, and have reduced muscle strength that puts them
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A survey conducted in France characterized the impact of psychological perception on possibly improving quality of life. Coming to grips with one’s mortality remains as one of the more mature lessons that adults face as they enter older phases of their life. The emotional weight of these realizations deserves to be examined to help future
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Researchers investigated whether giving whey or collagen protein supplements could prevent muscle loss and aid in rebuilding muscle in elderly people. As people age, they gradually lose muscle mass. This is partly due to reduced physical activity, although muscle loss occurs even in active seniors. Muscle loss causes problems with mobility and balance, which can,
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Reducing maternal mortality rates has been a long-term goal of public health officials. In the past, the majority of research has focused on infant mortality and its relation to the mother’s age (maternal age), leaving the connection between maternal mortality rates and maternal age understudied. Recent research indicates that maternal mortality rates increase significantly after
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Cancer screening is highly advised and of great importance for identifying hidden and early symptoms in the majority of the population; however, it may not be beneficial for older adults above a certain age threshold. Actually, possible harm from screening might outweigh benefits such as life expectancy extension for certain population. Now the concern is
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Recent studies have identified an association between the height of an individual and their risk of various age-related diseases. Researchers investigated the relationship between adult height and healthy aging in a study population of female nurses and found that height has effects on healthy aging; they also found this association could be modified through dietary
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