Month: April 2019

Researchers compared complications of atrial fibrillation between treatments with catheter ablation and drug therapy.   Atrial fibrillation is a serious condition where the heart does not make regular beats. It affects 2.7 million Americans and can cause extreme tiredness and shortness of breath in some patients. For many years, atrial fibrillation was treated with drug
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A recent study investigated whether medications commonly prescribed for chronic physical conditions can treat individuals with serious mental illness.   Serious mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and non-affective psychoses, are difficult to treat. Some drugs originally developed to treat unrelated conditions can potentially be repurposed as mental illness treatments. Statins, calcium channel blockers, and
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The Journal of Parkinson’s Disease recently discussed the positive effects of exercise on non-motor Parkinson’s disease symptoms. When one imagines the life of an individual diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, they often think of symptoms that debilitate movements such as tremors or impaired balance. However, Parkinson’s disease symptoms affect more than just the musculoskeletal system. The
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A recent experiment examined the effectiveness of multi-nutrient supplements for depression treatment and prevention.   Major depressive disorder receives much attention in research, due largely for it being the second greatest factor contributing to years lived with disability. As such, assessing strategies that may help prevent the disorder is undeniably important. In the past several
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A new study investigated the association between vascular risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, and BMI, and the structure of the brain.   Non-pathological brain ageing is a brain condition more prevalent than dementia. It can cause functional consequences that seriously impede that independence and quality of life of the elderly. Neurovascular
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Researchers evaluated an immunotherapy-chemotherapy combination cream in the prevention of skin cancer following precancerous lesions in sun-damaged skin.   Despite widespread awareness of the need to protect skin from the sun, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is the second most common cancer in the United States, and its incidence continues to rise. Skin
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Saw palmetto extracts have been used to treat urinary symptoms resulting from benign prostatic hyperplasia, in addition to treating pelvic pain, migraines, and hair loss. Here we discuss the evidence behind its current medical uses.   Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) is a small palm tree originally found in Southeastern United States. The active parts of
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Preeclampsia can be life-threatening for both mothers and babies. Researchers at Ohio State University have discovered that a simple urine test could be used for fast preeclampsia diagnosis.   Preeclampsia is one of the deadliest pregnancy-related conditions. Symptoms of preeclampsia can include high blood pressure, excess protein in urine (proteinuria) or signs of liver or
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A recent study in Circulation investigated the mechanisms underlying the negative effects of chemotherapy for breast cancer on heart function.   Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. These complications, including impaired heart function, are thought to be caused, in part, by the anti-cancer therapy. Trastuzumab (Herceptin) and heart
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Researchers find that existing drug treatment is effective against SCCOHT, a rare and fatal form of ovarian cancer that affects young women. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary is a rare, highly malignant tumor that affect young women with a median age of diagnosis of 24 years. Approximately 3% of cancers in women affect the
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A study explored the efficacy of aerobic exercise compared to a less intense stretching program to help adolescents recover from concussions related to sports injuries.   Concussions related to sports injuries are a significant public health problem without effective treatment. Up to 30% of children and adolescents have symptoms such as confusion, amnesia, dizziness, ringing
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A hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease is memory loss, occurring during the later stages of the disease. But what if it was possible to restore memories? Researchers in Buffalo, New York are investigating how this could be possible.   The combination of environmental and genetic risk factors results in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. For example,
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Researchers recently studied if frequent light exercise reduces the risk of heart disease in older women.   Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still the leading cause of mortality around the world. Heart attack and coronary heart disease (CHD) rates are more prevalent among women aged 85 and above. Under the age of 85, heart attacks and
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Researchers have developed a 3D laboratory model of brain tumors to help streamline the development of new therapies in this field.   Drug development is generally a resource-intensive enterprise, with the average drug costing more than a billion dollars to bring to market. In treatment fields requiring more personalized approaches, such as neuro-oncology, development costs
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В недавнем клиническом исследовании была изучена эффективность и безопасность двух препаратов, используемых для профилактики инсульта:“Ксарелто” и аспирина.   Инсульт схож с сердечным приступом, только инсульт поражает мозг, а не сердце. При инсульте происходит локальная потеря мозгового кровообращения, когда сгусток крови перемещается в область мозга и блокирует кровеносный сосуд. Нарушение мозгового кровообращения может иметь много негативных
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An increasing number of deaths caused by opioid overdose has generated a need for new painkillers. A recent study conducted in rats investigated a new painkiller developed using nanoparticle technology.   In 2017, about 17 Canadians per day were hospitalized due to opioid overdoses. In the United States, over 115 people die from opioid overdose
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Aerobic exercise has many benefits for health. Here, we discuss three reasons to participate in aerobic exercise based on recent studies. There is probably no other factor affecting all levels of health and well-being as regular exercise. There are numerous workout options for aerobic exercise that are compatible with all age groups, genders, personal preferences,
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Researchers investigated the effect of vitamin D supplements on bone mineral density in older individuals.   Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps the body to absorb calcium and maintain strong teeth, muscles, bones, and cartilages. Vitamin D can also protect the bones from diseases such as osteoporosis, risk of falls, fractures, rickets, and
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A new update statement from the Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation cautions pulmonary fibrosis patients on current stem cell therapy treatments.   It is widely recognized that the field of regenerative medicine, which includes cell-based therapies such as stem cell treatments, holds a lot of potential for the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. There continues to be extensive
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Protein supplements are a useful nutrition aid, but not all protein supplements are alike. Here, we discuss five important facts about protein supplements based on the latest findings in research. Protein supplements have become a popular part of weight loss and nutrition programs. Protein is necessary for the body to build muscle. Instead of simply
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Researchers from The Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed a new microneedle pill that can deliver insulin through the stomach, potentially replacing injections for patients with diabetes. Diabetes is one of the most common and costly chronic diseases. It is the third-leading cause of death in the United States. According to the leading national public health
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