Month: February 2019

A new study investigated the beneficial effects of choline, an important nutrient, in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease across two generations. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the least understood chronic neurodegenerative diseases affecting over 30 million people worldwide. It most commonly affects people over the age of 65 years. Usually, the disease starts
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The prevalence of food allergies has thoroughly been researched in children. A recent survey investigated the commonness and severity of food allergies in American adults.   Food allergies are a potentially fatal condition that can affect the quality of life many patients. Many studies have previously investigated the prevalence of food allergies amongst children, but
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A recent study determined how emotion regulation may alter negative health effects due to family stress.   The human body responds to psychological stress through chronic and acute symptoms. Facing chronic stress at an early age has been identified to increase susceptibility to depression, cardiovascular disease, a weaker immune system, and overall poorer health. An
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A recent study investigated why immunotherapy for breast cancer is not as effective as a cancer treatment. Despite the recent advancements in immunotherapy and the new era of personalized medicine to treat different forms of cancer, breast cancer has proven to be a difficult opponent for this new therapy. Previous trials have shown that immunotherapy
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A recent study investigated whether one of the benefits of lifting weights is reducing the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Resistance exercise has been shown to improve many cardiovascular disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes. However, there is limited information on the benefits of lifting weights
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Research shows promise towards understanding the underpinning cellular causes of skin cancer and its potential treatment.   The incidence of skin cancer is rising with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), a form of non-melanoma skin cancer that is the second most common form of cancer in the United States. Of these, between 2-5% of patients
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In a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, researchers tested whether body mass index is still an effective calculation for projecting cardiovascular health.   Body mass index (BMI) is a simple calculation of an individual’s weight (in kilograms), divided by their height (in meters squared). Obesity is known to be a
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A recent study attempted to classify patients into five types of insomnia while evaluating differences in expression, treatment, and biology.   Humans have a complicated relationship with sleep, often involving mixed feelings. We might yearn to have more time to dedicate for sleep or search for ways to improve its quality. Yet, often simultaneously, we
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Researchers at the Mayo Clinic set out to teach a computer how to identify heart disease using an EKG test in patients who do not yet have symptoms. A type of heart disease, called asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction, causes the heart to pump improperly without any obvious symptoms. It occurs in 3-6% of the population.
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Past methods for antitumor therapies have focused on enhancing systemic immune activity. Yale University researchers have highlighted developments in a more recent approach to cancer immunotherapy that may result in more effective treatments.   Since its inception, cancer research has largely been based on the premise of enhancement therapies: immune system boosting treatments that increase
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Many cancer patients find that they develop cognitive problems as they become ill. A new study found that aspirin could limit cognitive problems in mice with cancer. Almost half of cancer patients with solid tumors develop cognitive problems, including problems with learning, concentration, and memory. Some of these problems can remain decades after successful cancer
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In a recent study published in Scientific Reports, researchers examined blood results to determine the effects of smoking on aging. As a society, we are widely aware of the risks of smoking – cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and more. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirms that smoking tobacco results in 480,000 deaths
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New research in the Journal of Luminescence by Polish researchers Hanczyc and colleagues could make finding a cure for neurodegenerative disease faster and easier.   Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to the progressive degeneration of nerve cells within the brain. Although the causes of Alzheimer’s are not well understood, the brains of
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The Journal of the American College of Cardiology published results on the importance of sleep on cardiovascular health. The discussion on the importance of sleep for one’s health and body has been widely discussed and researched. Whether through experience or scientific evidence, there is a global standpoint that sleep is a vital process for both
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The controversy surrounding the use of aspirin for preventing cardiovascular disease in healthy patients is ongoing. A recent analysis of healthy patients without cardiovascular disease assessed the efficacy and safety of taking aspirin. It is well-known that aspirin is beneficial in preventing strokes and heart attacks in patients with cardiovascular disease. About 80% of heart
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New research investigates the potential long-term effects of marijuana use in teenagers and the risk of developing an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are the most common classification of mental disorders in the United States, with 31.1% of the overall population experiencing an anxiety disorder at some point in their lifetime.  There are many types of
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A new study at the University of Oxford evaluated if omega-3 supplements help in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Unquestionably, diet has a substantial effect on the
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In a recent study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, researchers examined how obesity in early adulthood affects the risk of heart failure. Obesity, which affects a third of adults in the United States, is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which include heart disease and strokes. Specifically, obesity greatly increases the
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Medical scientists in the United States have discovered the key protein responsible for childhood leukemia. They discussed their findings in Genes & Development. Childhood leukemia, the most common cancer of children in Canada, is a cancer of the white blood cells. Leukemia develops when abnormal white blood cells form in the bone marrow. These abnormal
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Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a treatment used in at least 14 different disorders. A significant risk of this treatment is oxygen toxicity which can lead to seizures. A recent clinical study explored the effects of ketogenic supplements on delaying oxygen-induced seizures in a preclinical study. The major applications of hyperbaric oxygen treatment are in the
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A new study published in Annals of Internal Medicine analyzed data from over 79000 patients and compared the risk of fractures in type 2 diabetes patients using canagliflozin or GLP-1 agonists.   Type 2 diabetes is a condition that hinders the ability of the individual to metabolize glucose, leading to an alarming rise in blood-glucose levels. The
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It has been known that diabetes raises the risk of heart failure. Researchers recently determined the cellular link contributing to the increased risk. Diabetic patients are at a significantly higher risk of developing heart failure. Studies have shown that men with diabetes are 2.4 times more likely and women five times more likely to suffer
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A study conducted by researchers in Italy explored the benefits of combining statin drugs with a Mediterranean diet. Statin drugs are a mainstay treatment for those with a history of cardiovascular-related diseases, such as a heart attack or stroke. Lifestyle modifications, such as a healthy diet, are also recommended in addition to drug therapy to
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