Month: June 2017

Vaccine concept Influenza virus infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of hospitalization and illness when compared to non-pregnant women. Year-round vaccination during pregnancy may decrease the associated morbidities in mothers and their infants, and may have better overall efficacy than seasonal vaccinations. Each year many people worldwide are infected with the influenza virus, or
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Researchers out of France and Monaco recently finished one of the longest and largest studies on Alzheimer’s disease. The study focused on using multidomain lifestyle intervention with Omega 3 supplementation for Alzheimer’s patients. The results, unfortunately, were insignificant, but do provide swaths of new data and show potential for new treatment approaches that are less
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A recent study investigated whether bacterial colonization of the gut starts with the transfer of bacteria in breast milk from mother to child. Evidence suggests that bacterial colonies found in breast milk are transferred to the infant, providing protection against certain autoimmune diseases and the development of obesity.     Our intestines are home to
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Early administration of early supplemental parenteral feeding is proven to be harmful in patients admitted to intensive care units. A study published in The Lancet explored which macronutrient component of early parenteral feeding is responsible for causing harm.   Critically ill children who are admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) often receive supplemental
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A phase two randomized controlled trial determined the role of immune plasma in treating patients diagnosed with severe influenza and exhibiting respiratory compromise. A pandemic influenza outbreak is a serious international concern. Immediate containment of the disease is necessary, along with fast implementation of preventative measures. Plasma treatment has been identified as a solution for
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Investigators examining biomarkers for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have zeroed in on dual-task gait testing, a tool that involves walking while simultaneously performing a cognitive challenge, as a means to detect patients with MCI, who are at high risk of dementia. Early diagnosis provides an opportunity for early intervention, improved guidance for care givers and
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A team from the UK used data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to apply an alternative approach to the study of child language development. Quantile Analysis revealed that the association between factors such as poverty, early reading and TV and the outcome of language development is not equal across the population. Language development in
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A multigenerational community-based clinical trial links the risk of high blood pressure in individuals to early onset hypertension in their parents. Blood pressure measurements collected from serial examinations were used to determine the genetic relation of early onset hypertension to risk cardiovascular death.   The relevance of genetic factors is increasingly recognized as an important
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Within the health community, the use of medical marijuana is controversial. Recently, a German-Israeli research team found evidence that small, controlled amounts of the active ingredient in marijuana, THC, improved cognitive function and memory in older mice. Dementia is a general term used to describe cognitive decline in older people caused by damage to the
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Passage of Medical Marijuana Laws (MML) in 28 states in the US has redefined public health due to an increased prevalence of illicit marijuana use and disorders linked to marijuana use. While marijuana exhibits very low acute toxicity, morbidities related to use of marijuana are a major public health concern. Users who are dependent on
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Music therapy is a promising tool in the treatment of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. A new course offered by Ithaca College and a student organization provide music therapy to local nursing home residents. With so much enthusiasm for the course and organization, Ithaca College may start offering a Music as Medicine major or minor.
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Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine whether owning a pet is associated with various developmental outcomes. They found that overall, the relationship between pet companionship and a child’s development may be positively correlated; however, due to weaknesses in methodology, the results should be applied with caution.   Childhood and adolescence are crucial
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Subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy have been hypothesized to be associated with cognitive function in offspring. However, recently researchers found that treatment with levothyroxine is not associated with greater IQ in children of mothers who have thyroid disease during pregnancy. The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck right below
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Sitagliptin, a drug that increased insulin secretion, seems to be safe for diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease. Glycemia has been commonly improved with the use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors in patients with chronic kidney disease, and their use is well tolerated. Sitagliptin is a drug pertaining to the class of DPP-4 inhibitors. Its
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The serotonin hypothesis of autism posits that fetal exposure to high levels of serotonin may increase the risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A new study investigated whether children born to mothers using prescription antidepressants that modulate serotonin levels were more likely to be diagnosed with ASD. Depression is one of the most frequent
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Lung cancer screening programs have been documented to reduce the mortality associated with lung cancer among high-risk patients, but the feasibility of their implementation in a clinical setting has been questioned. A recent investigation tested a small-scale implementation of such program and the results suggest that although it may indeed be effective, the costs and
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Individuals in the 50-64 age category with both diabetes and depression experienced a significant acceleration in memory loss compared to individuals with only one, or neither condition. Previous research found that having type 2 diabetes increases a person’s risk of developing depression. Conversely, having depression increases a person’s risk of developing diabetes. Both conditions are
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Age-related macular degeneration has no known treatment, and thus it is important to take preventative measures. The authors of a recent study investigate the relationship between α-linolenic acid (ALA) consumption and the risk of developing AMD. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 60. Due
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A population-based study aimed to estimate survival inequalities for several subtypes of leukemia was performed. It was found that inequalities between countries have narrowed somewhat, however there remains much room for improvement. Leukemia, a term used for a group of cancers of the blood, begins in the bone marrow and creates many malformed white blood
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A recent study of 8-year old children in rural Bangladesh examined the effects of vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy and infancy on gross motor and cognitive development, as well as scholastic success. While prenatal and infant vitamin A supplementation were not linked to higher overall intelligence or motor skills, the children that received supplementation both
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A new study published in Neuropsychologia investigates the brain areas responsible for memory loss seen in neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and dementia.   It has been well established in dementia patients that autobiographical memory (ABM) retrieval, the ability to remember information about yourself and personal experiences during the course of your lifetime, is compromised due to
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A study published earlier this year sought to determine whether the timing of meal skipping significantly affects type 2 diabetes and obesity risk through factors such as glucose metabolism, immune system responses, and energy balance based on one’s biological clock. Skipping meals has become an increasingly documented trend. Previous research has proposed that eating during
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A prospective secondary analysis of randomized clinical trial with 650 participants who underwent intra-vitreous anti-vascular growth factor (VEGF) therapy showed that at the end of 1 and 2 years, there was an improvement in diabetic retinopathy severity with aflibercept and ranibizumab performing better than bevacizumab. Compared to laser treatment, treatment for diabetic macular edema with
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