Researchers have investigated the outcomes of pregnancy after bariatric surgery. Obesity is a growing global health concern that affects about 650 million people worldwide. Bariatric surgery is a popular and effective treatment to promote weight loss and lower obesity-related complications. However, bariatric surgery can have its own complications – particularly important during pregnancy are concerns
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Researchers discover a vital pathway that may serve as a potential treatment target for Crohn’s disease. Among the list of chronic diseases, Crohn’s disease is a debilitating illness that affects over 1.6 million people in North America alone. It’s characterized by chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract, with affected regions ranging from the mouth to
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Knee osteoarthritis affects more than 10% of people over age 60. Researchers recently identified those groups with higher risk factors for knee osteoarthritis. Musculoskeletal conditions, such as knee osteoarthritis (OA), affect people worldwide and are one of the leading causes of pain and disability. Knee osteoarthritis can affect any age group, but people over age
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During the International Conference on Nutrition and the Brain, experts were asked to propose possible guidelines for the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease with the goal to develop practical guidance to recommend to the general public. Many factors can increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease such as; aging, genetic factors, family history, history of head
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Researchers discover a key player in tumor energy metabolism that holds promise for new cancer treatments with fewer side-effects. Tumours are characterized by uncontrolled cell growth, which is sustained by a series of cellular reactions to produce the energy and molecular building blocks for replication. This process, called cancer cell metabolism, relies on the activity
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Identifying the presence of a specific high-risk gene mutation helped to reduce patient exposure to ultraviolet radiation The American Cancer Society estimates that 96,480 new melanomas will be diagnosed in the United States in 2019. They expect around 7,200 people will die from melanoma in the US in 2019. Melanoma rates have also been on
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A recent study carried out by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examined the outcomes of standard feeding guides for commencing solid food in infants. Current guides for starting infants on solid foods are produced by infant formula makers, children’s hospitals, and infant health experts. These guides have been produced with the
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Researchers injected obese patients with a combination of gut hormones to mimic the effects of gastric bypass surgery. Obesity is an increasingly common problem worldwide and can be linked to illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer. There are several approaches to managing obesity, including very-low-calorie diets and weight-loss
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Researchers in the USA recently conducted a series of investigations to find out more about the genes that are associated with endometrial cancer. Vast advances in gene technology have allowed different cancers to be put under the spotlight. The endometrial tissue lines the uterus and goes through the monthly shedding cycle that is menstruation. Mutations
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  According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 466 million people worldwide suffer from varying levels of hearing loss. Of these, nearly 34 million are children. Hearing loss can occur for a number of different reasons, some of which are entirely preventable. For example, long-term, regular exposure to loud noises and the use of
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New method of bone tissue engineering may open doors for research and discovery in bone disease and medicine Bone tissue is a complex composition of metabolically active cells within a heavily calcified structure of minerals, collagen (a protein), non-collagenous proteins and crystallites. In the past, attempts at replicating human bone tissue have not been successful
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Aronia berry extract positively affects indicators of cardiovascular health. In a recent study, researchers investigated the effects of Aronia berry supplements in healthy participants. Specifically, they wanted to test the effects of these supplements on vascular function and the composition of the gut microbiome. In this clinical trial, 66 healthy men were divided into three
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Exposure to cigarette smoke can further drug resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains, researchers find. Tobacco smoking represents the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. Smoking is a known risk factor for several health conditions, including lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder. Smoking also increases susceptibility to infectious disease. Previous research
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A new study has evaluated if yellow-lens glasses actually improve night time driving and aid in spotting pedestrians at night Many people suggest that yellow-lens glasses make nighttime driving easier by reducing the glare from oncoming vehicles. In fact, several marketing campaigns from eyeglass manufacturers highlight the many advantages of using yellow-lens glasses. Some of
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As one of the most popular weight-loss strategies, are low-carb diets healthy? Researchers recently studied the long-term effects of low-carb diets. Almost 2 billion adults were considered overweight in 2016, and nearly one-third of those were obese. Fortunately, overweight and obesity can often be successfully treated through diet and exercise. There are many different dietary
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